More details on Eldoret militias


Rights official alleges politicians on both sides paid, directed militias

Sunday, January 13, 2008 3:13 AM
By Michelle Faul
Associated Press

Kenyan police patrol the Nairobi slum of Mathare, where clashes broke out recently amid a presidential vote-count dispute. A report on the violence is scheduled to be released this week.
NAIROBI, Kenya — The price for burning down a home: 500 shillings, or about $8. Double that to have someone hacked to death.

The price list comes from a leading Kenyan human-rights group that says some of the worst violence in the country’s disputed presidential election is the work of militias paid and directed by politicians.

The government of President Mwai Kibaki and the opposition have traded blame for the killing and arson that followed Kibaki’s victory in the Dec. 27 election, which international observers say was followed by a rigged count. Some of the attacks took on an ugly ethnic twist, with other tribes turning on Kibaki’s Kikuyu people.

But the respected and independent Kenyan Human Rights Commission says there is more to it, and that it appears to involve politicians on both sides. It “was portrayed as some primal irate rising up of (ethnic) communities against each other,” commission Chairwoman Muthoni Wanyeki said. “But our investigations indicate it seems to be very organized militia activity … (the violence) very much seems to be directed and well-organized.”

She pointed to the torching of a church sheltering Kikuyu, dozens of whom burned to death. “One group was watching the church, and then another took over,” Wanyeki said. “We say it’s organized because they are working in groups of 10 to 15 people and in shifts.

“Their training areas have been identified, some of the people from whom they get money have been identified,” she said. “They are being paid 500 per burning and 1,000 per death.”

The information, she said, comes from about 100 monitors and a network including prominent individuals and community-based organizations given pre-election training in researching human-rights violations.

She said information is being compiled in a report to be published this week and given to the state-funded Kenya National Commission on Human Rights for investigation by appropriate authorities.

The state-funded commission, as well as a bishop and a police superintendent, agree that a lot of the violence seemed orchestrated. However, they stop short of alleging that money changed hands, and both camps vying for the presidency strongly deny it.

Gangs wielding bows and arrows, machetes and stones killed scores of people in the central Rift Valley. They set ablaze hundreds of buildings, forcing more than 100,000 people, most of them Kikuyu, from their homes and farms. Victims have identified their attackers as ethnic Kalenjin and members of opposition leader Raila Odinga’s Luo tribe.

Odinga’s spokesman, Salim Lone, said the charges of payment are “wild propaganda.”

“I cannot categorically say that no politician is doing that,” he said, referring to paying militias, but he bristled at the suggestion that his party, having denounced the violence, could at the same time be fomenting it.

Odinga says Kibaki must take the blame because the violence was ignited by the theft of the election.

Maina Kiai, chairman of the state-funded human-rights body, said that in response to attacks on Kikuyu, government politicians have recruited the Mungiki, a Kikuyu gang blamed for a string of beheadings carried out in Nairobi’s slums this year. Kiai said the government has promised Mungiki immunity in return for protecting the Kikuyu. He said his information came from several sources, including Mungiki members.

Government spokesman Alfred Mutua said Kiai’s charge is “preposterous. There is no truth to it.” He accused Kiai of being partisan and challenged him to produce evidence.

Wanyeki, of the independent human-rights group, said some Mungiki have been deployed in recent days to the troubled western towns of Eldoret — where the church was torched — and Kisumu.

The police superintendent of Kisumu, Simon Kiragu, agreed the violence was orchestrated.

“Of course it was organized. The trouble started not even 15 minutes after the announcement” of the election results, he said. “It was like a time bomb, and it happened all over the country.”

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